IELTS Writing Task 1: Report Structure
In this post, we’re going to talk about the structure you will need to use for the IELTS task one report. You will have to organize all the information into a logical order and put them into different paragraphs. The structure is extremely important, as the examiner will check your organization.
The first paragraph will be your introduction, which contains a description of the graph and what it shows.
The IELTS will always give you a description and you can use that content to create your introduction. Take note not to copy the material directly! You should paraphrase the material. Write it once more, using your own English.
After the first paragraph comes the overview. It is also a very important paragraph as it contains all of the key features of the graph or the chart: the highest points and the lowest points. All of the key features of the graph go in the overview after the introduction.
After that, you’ve got the body paragraphs: body paragraph A and body paragraph B. This is where you put the detailed content. All of the dates, numbers, comparisons, you put these items in the body paragraphs.
By putting the overview right after the introduction, the examiner will get the information just as soon as they start reading. You can also put the overview at the end. But make sure you don’t run out of time deciding where you want to put each part.
Some Extra Tips
Useful vocabulary to employ for the introduction:
This graph illustrates / shows / depicts / indicates,
To start some sentences, you can use the phrase:
As is illustrated / shown by the graph,
From the graph it is clear,
As can be seen from the graph,
Time expressions to use (if your graph measures time).
From … to / between … and (from January to March …. Between January and March)
Over the next … / for the following … (for the following three months … over the next year)
During (During the first four months …)
Just do you know “%” is the symbol used to express percentages in English. You can write 15% or 15 per cent. The noun form is “a percentage.”
Correct: “The percentage of people buying products increased.”
Not Correct: “The percent of people buying products increased.”
You can change the structures of the sentences you use in the task to improve readability. You can use verb + adverb or adjective + noun to avoid the same phrases.
Example: “There was a sharp increase in people buying products. The number of people buying products increased sharply.”
Here is an example:
From 1870 to 1890, the population of New Town decreased from 300 people to 250 people. From 1889 to 1990 there was a slight dip before the population level started to fluctuate, trending down.
From 1920 to 1950, the population of New Town was in decline. This was before the town saw dramatic growth, the population shooting up over 100%!
In 1960, the number of people in the town reached its peak, with nearly 325 people. For the next four decades, the population has fallen, finally stabilizing around the year 2000.
So, that’s the basic structure of your report. If you’d like more content about the writing section of the test, you can wait for future posts to becomes available, or you can visit https://www.qihangyingyu.com/writing/