Speaking with confidence

Speaking English with Confidence: Part 2

充满自信的说英语:2部分

One problem that many of my students have when trying to give presentations is pauses.
很多学生中出现的一个问题是在演说中会中断。

Perhaps before when you’ve tried to speak English, you’ve hesitated because you didn’t know exactly how to express yourself. You have an idea of how to explain something in Chinese, but you have no idea how to translate it.
也许在你尝试说英语之前,你就犹豫了,因为你不知道如何表达你自己。你有一个用中文解说的想法,但你不知道如何翻译它。

This can be disheartening because though you’ve studied English for a long time, you feel you are too slow and awkward with the language. You definitely don’t feel as though you’re fluent.
在经过长时间的英语学习后,仍旧如此,会令你很沮丧,你觉得你的学习速度太慢,语言笨拙。你肯定无法感觉到你已经说的很流利了。

In this post, I am going to give you some tips on how you can reduce pauses and hesitation when you speak English. Remember, just reading these tips is not enough, you must put them into practice!
在这篇文章中,我会给你一些技巧,来帮助你在说时英语减少停顿和纠结。记住,只是阅读这些技巧是不够的,你必须把他们付诸实践!

One thing that can help you eliminate pauses and speak English more fluently is to think directly in English.
直接用英语思考可以帮助你消除停顿,让你说的英语更流利。

Thinking in Chinese and translating it into English before you speak takes too much time! This is what stops many of my students from speaking fast and fluidly.
用中文思考并在开口前把它翻译成英语需要太多的时间!这是为什么我的许多学生无法快速流畅使用英语。

Translating Chinese, as you already know, will also result in botched sentences with missing articles and problematic pronouns. You know how different Chinese vocabulary can be from English. This leaves students with the impression that English is just too hard or advanced to learn to speak properly.
你肯定知道,翻译汉语时,会出现拙劣的句子并且失去文意和代词的问题。你知道从英语翻译出的中文会有很大的差异。这给学生留下的印象是,正确的说英语是件非常困难的事情。

It’s not. You must also think in English!
事实上不是这样。你也必须用英语思考!

Here are some steps you can take to THINK in English properly.
这里有一些步骤,你可以采取用来正确的思考。

Level 1 – Think in individual English words.
1级—用个别的英语单词思考。

For example, think about every item or article you come across in your day with English words.
When you wake in the morning, think of terms like:
例如,用英语单词来想想你每天遇到任何项目或文章。当你早上醒来时,想想这些词语:

• Bed, clothes, books, breakfast.
• 床、衣服、书、早餐。

When you go to work, think of words like:
• Car, job, boss, desk, computer, call.
当你去工作的时候,想想这样的话:
• 汽车、工作、老板、办公桌、电脑、电话。

Practice thinking in these individual English terms throughout your day, with everything you see, hear, or do. Try this exercise right now: Look around you and try to think of all the English words you can use to describe what you see.
用英语单词短语来思考每一天你所看到的,听到的或做的一切。现在就试试这个练习:看看你周围,试着想想并用英语单词来描述你看到的一切。

Level 2 – Start thinking in complete sentences.
2级,在完整的句子中开始思考。

While you go about your day, make English sentences to yourself about the things you are doing.
When you’re at lunch think of sentences like:
• I’m eating noodles.
• I like this dish.
• This food is especially spicy!

但你出门的时候,英语造句来描述你所做的事情。
当你在午餐时,想想这样的句子:
• 我在吃面条。
• 我喜欢这道菜。
• 这种食物特别辣!

The sentences don’t have to be very complicated! They just need to help you develop the habit of thinking in English.
句子不必是非常复杂的!只需要用它们来帮助你养成用英语思考的习惯。

Level 3 – Getting Functional
3级,得到功能

At this level, you should imagine that you are in an English speaking country and you have to use the language for everything that you do. Every time you use Chinese, think about how you say the same in English. How would you order a meal or buy a train ticket?
• I would like extra rice, please.
• Yes, I would like a round trip ticket, please.

在这个层级上,你应该想象你在一个讲英语的国家,你必须用英语来表达你所做的一切。每次你用中文,想想你用英语怎么说。你怎么订一顿饭或买一张火车票?
• 请给我更多的大米
• 是的,请给我一张往返票。

This will help you prepare for using the language in real-life situations. If you do this kind of practice regularly, you’ll be ready for whatever situation you come across.
这将有助于你准备好在现实生活中使用英语言。如果你经常做这种练习,你是在为你遇到的任何情况做好准备。

Level 4 – Narrative English
4级,叙事英语

This is where you can use English to tell a story about something that happened to a foreign friend. When you’re waiting for a bus or riding the subway, think of a good story and how you would tell it in English.
这是你可以用英语来讲述一个发生在外国朋友的故事的地方。当你在等公共汽车或乘地铁时,想想一个好故事,你会用英语怎么说。

Because you are only practicing in your mind, you don’t have to worry about the pressure that comes with attempting to speak properly.
因为你只是在你的头脑里练习,你不必担心必须要有正确发音的压力。

So these are your action steps for today:
因此,这些都是你今天的行动步骤:

Pick a level from the items I listed above and practice one of the exercises today. If you can commit to one of these practices through the week, you’ll be surprised at how effective it is in decreasing your pauses when attempting to speak fluently!
从我上面列出的项目中选择一个水平,并作为今天的练习之一。如果你可以坚持这些做法,通过一周,你会惊讶于它是多么的有效帮助你减少停顿,让你说得很流利!

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